Perspective agents interested in fullerene buying should know that the element occurs in the market in diverse forms such as spherical/ellipsoidal, or nanotubes (CNT). Fullerene is an innovative nanomaterial that composes of a minimum number of carbon molecules arranged in graphene pentagons and hexagons. The material demonstrates very distinctive physical properties that guarantee endless applications in the modern industry.
Currently, the demand of fullerene in bulk quantities or metric ton quantities is high enough to kindle the market dynamics supplied by several manufacturers, some of which are listed here, rendering the production capacity greater than 100 tons per year as far as single or multi-walled fullerenes are concerned.
The relevance of these materials can be corroborated by the fact that the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has recognised the manufacturers and suppliers in its report for nanoscale materials stewardship program. This fact represents a very positive approach because the suppliers have to meet quite determined regulations to evaluate and reduce the potential fullerene risk for human health and environment as well as to prevent the distribution of such materials in non-standardized quality.
Fullerene used in antioxidants
Fullerene is a powerful antioxidant that can be used in health-care-products because it reacts very quickly with free radicals inside the body. Since the free radicals are connected to cells damage or death, the fullerene is often referred to as the “radical sponge” based on its capability of neutralising 20 or more free radicals per molecule. It also possesses the ability to selectively target the oxidation-damaged cerebral endothelial cell rather than normal endothelial cells and protect them from the damage and death that occurs while being part of a regular organism’s growth and development. This nanomaterial is also frequently used in beauty products because it can smooth wrinkles and cover dark spots on the skin caused by oxidation processes in the cells.
The initial increase in fullerene purchases was boosted when this material had been awarded the Nobel Prize. Its application in the cosmetic industry furthermore multiplied when an innovative technology was developed enabling fullerenes to act as superior radical scavengers with the unique anti-oxidation effect inhibiting the UVA-induced melanin formation. Generally speaking, the nanoparticles penetrate different skin levels to whiten, lighten and reduce dark spots.
Fullerene boughtfor applications in the pharmaceutical industry
Fullerene has been very useful in the pharmaceutical industry, given the fact that it also acts as a strong drug adsorbent. In this particular case, water-soluble fullerene derivatives were used which were placed close to mitochondria in the inner cell; this approach represents a very efficient medical strategy. Moreover, fullerene can also be applied in situations where oxidation and radical processes are destructive such as food spoiling, plastic degradation and metal corrosion.
Industrial applications of the fullerene as market drivers
Inorganic fullerene can also be obtained for manufacturing composite coatings based on the so-called inorganic nanomaterials (IFLM). Nano-sphere powders are being researched and developed because fullerene molecules have rather high friction-reducing properties. Thus, their usage shall improve wear-resistance of mechanical joints and devices, where rolling and sliding movements occur, such as roller bearings, chains, gears, pumps and screws. Once the OFLM are incorporated into the matrix, the particles allow independent and more regular control of friction and wear and enhance the performance of interacting surfaces in relative motion.
In particular types of processes involving microbial fuel applications, the fullerene promotes the formation of a biofilm. Furthermore, such application broadens up its use in the field of renewable energies as well as any biochemical processes involving biofilm.